Готовим эссе к TOEFL

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Когда мы говорим про «Writing / Письмо» в TOEFL, мы в первую очередь говорим об эссе. Написание сочинения на заданную тему будет оцениваться с грамматической стороны, лексической, и конечно же тематической.

Вы не просто должны написать набор предложений на тему, а смысловой отрывок, в котором опишите плюсы и минусы вопроса, аргументируете их.

У вас будет всего 30 минут на то чтобы написать маленький шедевр. Кому-то это покажется невозможным, кому-то очень сложным заданием. Итак, готовимся к эссе заранее:

  1. знакомимся со всеми темами;
  2. составляем план для каждого эссе;
  3. читаем много литературы, запоминаем пословицы, высказывания, цитаты.

Во время написания эссе,чтобы получить самую высокую оценку, вы должны учесть следующие моменты:

  1. не отвлекайтесь от темы, обсуждайте только заданный вопрос;
  2. хорошо структурируйте рассказ, благодаря составленному плану (вступительная часть, главная часть, выводы);
  3. используйте несколько выражений, идиом, чтобы показать знания английского;
  4. покажите, что вы владеете терминологией в вашей теме, а также можете перефразировать идею.

Хорошая новость — темы заранее определены и к ним можно подготовиться. Для того чтобы вас не застали врасплох с каким-то неизвестным вопросом, вы можете прочитать перечень тем. Иногда их могут пополнить новыми вопросами или поменять старые на более актуальные, но большая часть тем остается. А теперь, приведем примеры 20 тем, которые могут попасться на экзамене TOEFL:

  1. You have enough money to purchase either a house or a business. Which would you choose to buy? Give specific reasons to explain your choice.
  2. Some students prefer to study alone. Others prefer to study with a group of students. Which do you prefer? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  3. Films can tell us a lot about the country where they were made. What have you learned about a country from watching its movies? Use specific examples and details to support your response.
  4. Many people have a close relationship with their pets. These people treat their birds, cats, or other animals as members of their family. In your opinion, are such relationships good? Why or why not? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  5. In your country, is there more need for land to be left in its natural condition or is there more need for land to be developed for housing and industry? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  6. Movies are popular all over the world. Explain why movies are so popular. Use reasons and specific examples to support your answer.
  7. What are some of the qualities of a good parent? Use specific details and examples to explain your answer.
  8. The 21st century has begun. What changes do you think this new century will bring? Use examples and details in your answer.
  9. A friend of yours has received some money and plans to use all of it either to go on vacation or to buy a car. Your friend has asked you for advice. Compare your friend’s two choices and explain which one you think your friend should choose. Use specific reasons and details to support your choice.
  10. Holidays honor people or events. If you could create a new holiday, what person or event would it honor and how would you want people to celebrate it? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.
  11. Some students like classes where teachers lecture (do all of the talking) in class. Other students prefer classes where the students do some of the talking. Which type of class do you prefer? Give specific reasons and details to support your choice.
  12. Every generation of people is different in important ways. How is your generation different from your parents’ generation? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer.
  13. It is sometimes said that borrowing money from a friend can harm or damage the friendship. Do you agree? Why or why not? Use reasons and specific examples to explain your answer.
  14. When students move to a new school, they sometimes face problems. How can schools help these students with their problems? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer.
  15. Imagine that you are preparing for a trip. You plan to be away from your home for a year. In addition to clothing and personal care items, you can take one additional thing. What would you take and why? Use specific reasons and details to support your choice.
  16.  Groups or organizations are an important part of some people’s lives. Why are groups or organizations important to people? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer.
  17. People listen to music for different reasons and at different times. Why is music important to many people? Use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.
  18. Many students choose to attend schools or universities outside their home countries. Why do some students study abroad? Use specific reasons and details to explain your answer.
  19. Your school has enough money to purchase either computers for students or books for the library. Which should your school choose to buy — computers or books? Use specific reasons and examples to support your recommendation.
  20. People recognize a difference between children and adults. What events (experiences or ceremonies) make a person an adult? Use specific reasons and examples to explain your answer.

Весь список тем можно скачать тут: Essay topics TOEFL.

Пример эссе можно скачать тут: Essay example TOEFL.

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